Vivienda e Infraestructura 1

Vivienda e Infraestructura 2

Vivienda e Infraestructura 3

Housing and Infrastructure

After Hurricane Isidore hit in September 2002, housing improvement became a priority for rural communities in Yucatán, and also the reason why we designed our “Housing and Infrastructure” program. It’s based on a community participatory model and self-construction that values the original vernacular housing and urban design of the communities. We provided the material and monitored the work while families directed the construction.

  • Housing Improvement: We promote programs to improve housing conditions through community labor by providing the materials for the execution of the works.

    • Results:
      • 25 homes have ecological stoves.
      • We have trained 79 people that are now members of the 13 Housing Committees.
  • Property Deeds: In the absence of legal certainty of the families, we work with different government institutions promoting property title regularization and donation. We aim for the families to have a property deed of their home, giving them first access to a family estate.

    • Results:
      • We processed 922 property titles in 12 communities
  • Building of Ecological Toilets: In partnership with the Government of the State of Yucatán, we implemented an environmental sanitation program and built ecological toilets funded by the JAPAY (Yucatán’s Board of Water and Sewerage).

    • Results:
      • We built 252 ecological toilets in 3 communities.
  • Restoration of community areas: We restore and maintain community spaces by providing health care, education, recreation, culture, and development. This program is carried out with the involvement of families, community stakeholders, government education authorities, and The Haciendas.

    • Results:
      • We restored 24 schools in 11 communities.
      • Since 2002, we have carried out actions to restore 249 houses through community labor.
  • Improved community infrastructure: We improve community infrastructure in each of our strategic areas: Libraries, Health Clinics, Artisanal Workshops, and Community Spaces. This is carried out through the community labor scheme and in cooperation with Community Committees, local authorities and community residents. Thanks to these restoration services, users can experience suitable conditions of functionality and comfort.

    • Results:
      • Together with the communities, we restored 33 community areas, including Health Clinics, sports fields and libraries
  • Improving Urban Image: We promote historical heritage and cultural richness preservation with the participation of different sectors, developing urban intervention projects that benefit communities. We seek to promote economic and social development by restoring the architectural heritage, respecting the environment, and strengthening a platform for self-management of resources by the communities themselves, helping to improve their quality of life.

  • Account 22: In 2002, Hurricane Isidore caused huge losses in the production sector, leaving 80,000 families of the Yucatán Peninsula homeless. In partnership with Fomento Cultural Banamex, we designed a housing reconstruction pro¬ject based on community labor. We used the resources collected on Account 22; for every peso donated by the Mexican population, Banamex donated another peso.

    This program benefited 2,665 families in the following communities:

  • [+] Read More

    • The program's implementation happened with the organized participation of the population. They provided manpower and coordinated the actions of cleaning backyards and public areas. A fundamental part of the project was to respect the urban design and traditional housing of each area. The program was carried out in 23 communities, benefiting 2,665 families who currently have safe houses.
    • The program is structured as an integral proposal based on the following phases:
      1. Analysis of the population socio-economic profile.
      2. Examination of the condition of title deeds.
      3. Architectural study to define damage, action proposals and budget.
      4. Defining our commitments and those of the communities.
      5. Setting-up the Housing Committee.
    • We implemented the program in 23 communities with an organized participation of the locals, recovering 2,357 homes by respecting the vernacular architecture and the original urban design. We started by collecting and delivering potable water, groceries and medicine; families participated in cleaning lots, houses and common areas, while the police supported the Citizens Committee’s actions.

    • Results:
      • With MXN $72,306,400 from the Banamex Account 22, we built 2,357 homes, benefiting 2,665 families in 23 communities.
      • MXN $7,571,400 from private funds.


  • Account 23
  • Given the lack of safe spaces in the communities and the damage caused by Hurricane Isidore, together with the State Government of Campeche and Municipal DIF Systems, we built 56 Community Development Centers by using the resources from the Banamex Account 23 –through Fomento Social Banamex. Banamex invited the population to participate in the "Uno por Uno" (One by One) program –for every peso donated by the population Banamex contributed with another one, thereby doubling the amount of donations and accumulating an initial amount of approximately MXN $9, 292,453.47.

  • [+] Read more

    • FHMM took care of the materials, operating costs and necessary supplies, while municipal governments and community residents contributed with work itself, its monitoring and evaluation. Municipalities provided resources for specialized work tools and furniture.
    • These Development Centers were built in communities of high marginalization with the purpose of creating safe spaces –in order to respond to shelter needs in floodplain communities threatened by hurricanes. In addition, we proposed to the local authorities to use these spaces to promote programs that would help optimize and improve nutrition services, health and complementary education. We equally encouraged them to implement productive projects in order to increase the quality of life of the population.
    • In order to fulfill the “Ayuda a Campeche” (Help Campeche) project, 3 phases were contemplated:
      1. Building the Community Development Center: using the resources from Account 23 in coordination with FHMM, the DIF (State System for Integral Family Development) and Municipal Governments.
      2. Organizing the community for the Center's management.
      3. Implementing programs and projects to improve the living standards of the community through the DIF and Municipal Governments.

      Participants:

      • State Government of Campeche (Administrations’ office, State DIF System, Ministry of Public Works, and Ministry of Social Development)
      • Municipal Governments: Campeche, Champotón, Carmen, Calakmul, Candelaria, Hopelchén, Escárcega, and Hecelchakán
      • Municipal DIF Systems, Social Development, Planning, Public Works and Civil Protection authorities
      • Fomento Social Banamex A.C.
      • FHMM


    • Results:
      • We built 56 Community Development Centers in 8 municipalities, benefiting about 25,600 people
      • MXN $10,059,000 from Banamex Account 23 and Fomento Cultural Banamex
      • MXN $4,870,000 from the municipal budget


Videos:

House Reconstruction Community Work 2011 (FHMM) Now we have a better house!